The beri-boy 3D printer already allows you to process many of the prevalent industrial plastics in additive manufacturing (3D printing). This overview serves to clarify the properties of the respective materials and highlights the pros and cons. The beri-boy platform was designed to bring out the best in FFF procedures using hardware upgrades and software adjustments and to allow it to grow with your demands. Our research and development division is constantly working to expand the range of suitable materials for the beri-boy. If the material of your choice is not listed yet, then please contact us so that we can assess the feasibility for you.  We can currently provide reliable processing of the following materials: ABS, nylon/PA12, nylon/PA12 GB30, PC, PLA, PET, HIPS.

Material guide for 3D printing

In the following we will discuss the properties of materials for 3D printing in detail.

ABS for 3D printing

ABS is the acronym for Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene and is one of the standard plastics for 3D printing.

  • High surface hardness, viscosity and tensile strength (+)
  • Non-ageing (+)
  • Maintains its stiffness up to 100°C (+)
  • Shape retention classified between 66° and 78°C by MARTENS (+)
  • Not shatterproof (-)

PA (nylon) for 3D printing

The beri-boy allows you to work with two polyamides, PA12 and  PA12GB30. Thanks to their high mechanical strength, polyamides have replaced many metal components in vehicle construction, which is now their primary field of application.

  • High tensile strength and still rather flexible (+)
  • Good resistance to abrasion and wear (+)
  • Shatterproof (+)
  • Cost-intensive (-)

Polyamides can absorb rather large amounts of water. The resulting increase in volume must be taken into account during construction. In comparison to other polyamides, PA 12 exhibits the lowest water uptake. It must also be observed that PA cannot be printed on every printbed. PA12GB30 is PA12 reinforced with glass beads, which further increase the impact strength and flexibility. Due to the addition of glass beads, it is available to employ a larger nozzle diameter (0,6mm or higher).

Due to its strong layer adhesion, PA12 is unsuitable as a support material and difficult to remove from an object.

PC (polycarbonate) for 3D printing

  • High shape retention under heat (+)
  • Very robust, used e.g. for bulletproof glass (+)
  • Shatterproof (+)
  • Scratch-resistant, unlike ABS (+)
  • Discoloring effect over time due to UV radiation (-)
  • Cost-intensive (-)

A certain amount of experience in 3D printing is required before working with polycarbonate. PC is applied at a high printing temperature (up to 280°C). Due to the high temperature, the operator should check for the formation of bubbles. Avoid large cavities and thin falls, if possible.

PLA for 3D printing

Polyactide (PLA) or poly lactic acid is one of the most common plastics for 3D printers. Its properties make PLA filaments an easily processible solution, which is especially recommendable for beginners.

  • Printing temperature from 190°C to 220°C (+)
  • Does not require a heatable interior (+)
  • Odorless and eco-friendly (+)
  • Cost-efficient (+)
  • Melting point at approx. 150°C (-)

PLA makes it possible to print affordable prototypes in a short time. It is also suitable for parts that are not exposed to any significant mechanical strain.

PET (G) for 3D printing

PET (G) is a PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) that has been modified using glycol. PET (G) becomes more fluid in the molten state and can be employed for 3D printing.

  • Resistant to chemicals like diluted acids, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, oils, fats and alcohols, but not halogenated hydrocarbons and ketones. Volatile in contact with hot water and alkalis.
  • Food-safe (+)
  • Cost-efficient (+)

The material has a very pleasing appearance and offers a very strong layer adhesion for printing. It is thus suitable as an entry-level material. Due to its strong layer adhesion, PET (G) is rather unsuitable as a support material and difficult to remove from an object.

HIPS for 3D printing

In general, HIPS has properties similar to those of ABS, since it is also a polystyrene (PS). HI indicates the high impact strength.

  • High impact strength (+)
  • Shape retention up to 80°C
  • Suitable as a support material, which is scourable using lemon concentrate (+)
  • Discoloring effect under long-term exposure to UV radiation (-)

HIPS is soluble and consequently frequently employed as a support material for ABS. A heatable printbed is indispensable, since HIPS will otherwise deform.